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Astrophysics > Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

Title: Extrasolar Planet Transits Observed at Kitt Peak National Observatory

Abstract: We obtained J-, H- and JH-band photometry of known extrasolar planet transiting systems at the 2.1-m Kitt Peak National Observatory Telescope using the FLAMINGOS infrared camera between October 2008 and October 2011. From the derived lightcurves we have extracted the mid-transit times, transit depths and transit durations for these events. The precise mid-transit times obtained help improve the orbital periods and also constrain transit-time variations of the systems. For most cases the published system parameters successfully accounted for our observed lightcurves, but in some instances we derive improved planetary radii and orbital periods. We complemented our 2.1-m infrared observations using CCD z'-band and B-band photometry (plus two Hydrogen Alpha filter observations) obtained with the Kitt Peak Visitor's Center telescope, and with four H-band transits observed in October 2007 with the NSO's 1.6-m McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope. The principal highlights of our results are: 1) our ensemble of J-band planetary radii agree with optical radii, with the best-fit relation being: (Rp/R*)J = 0.0017 + 0.979 (Rp/R*)optical, 2) We observe star spot crossings during the transit of WASP-11/HAT-P-10, 3) we detect star spot crossings by HAT-P-11b (Kepler-3b), thus confirming that the magnetic evolution of the stellar active regions can be monitored even after the Kepler mission has ended, and 4) we confirm a grazing transit for HAT-P-27/WASP-40. In total we present 57 individual transits of 32 known exoplanet systems.
Comments: 33 pages, 6 figures, accepted in Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:1202.2799 [astro-ph.EP]
  (or arXiv:1202.2799v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history

From: Pedro Sada [view email]
[v1] Mon, 13 Feb 2012 17:29:08 GMT (1535kb)