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Astrophysics

Title: Exploring the Ultrahigh Energy Neutrino Universe

Authors: D.B. Cline (UCLA), F.W. Stecker (NASA/Goddard)
Abstract: Astronomy at the highest energies observed must be performed by studying neutrinos rather than photons because the universe is opaque to photons of these energies. By making observations of neutrinos with energies above 10 EeV one can deduce information about the distribution and cosmological history of cosmic rays which may have been accelerated to energies above 100 EeV. Very large fluxes of neutrinos at these energies which exhibit a hard spectrum would be evidence of a GUT phase transition or superheavy dark matter particles. Neutrinos at energies around a PeV may be produced in observable quantities in active galaxies from the acceleration and interactions of cosmic rays in the vicinity of massive black holes or in relativistic jets produced by these black holes. Cosmological gamma-ray bursts may also produce PeV neutrinos. Neutrinos at these energies may oscillate into tau neutrinos which can travel through the Earth by the process of regeneration and produce upward moving air-showers. Neutrinos of energies above of 1000 EeV can produce ultrahigh energy cosmic rays thorugh interactions with big-bang neutrinos, producing Z bosons. This "Z-burst" phenomenon can be used to study the mass and distribution of big-bang neutrinos.
Comments: 12 latex pages with 1 figure, science white paper from UCLA Workshop on High Energy Neutrino Astrophysics
Subjects: Astrophysics (astro-ph); High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)
Cite as: arXiv:astro-ph/0003459
  (or arXiv:astro-ph/0003459v1 for this version)

Submission history

From: Floyd Stecker [view email]
[v1] Thu, 30 Mar 2000 19:09:19 GMT (32kb)