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Astrophysics

Title: The RASSCALS: An X-ray and Optical Study of 260 Galaxy Groups

Abstract: We describe the ROSAT All-Sky Survey-Center for Astrophysics Loose Systems (RASSCALS), the largest X-ray and optical survey of low mass galaxy groups to date. We draw 260 groups from the combined Center for Astrophysics and Southern Sky Redshift Surveys, covering one quarter of the sky to a limiting Zwicky magnitude of 15.5. We detect 61 groups (23%) as extended X-ray sources.
The statistical completeness of the sample allows us to make the first measurement of the X-ray selection function of groups, along with a clean determination of their fundamental scaling laws. We find robust evidence of similarity breaking in the relationship between the X-ray luminosity and velocity dispersion. Groups with sigma < 340 km/s are overluminous by several orders of magnitude compared to the familiar LX ~ sigma^4 law for higher velocity dispersion systems. An understanding of this break depends on the detailed structure of groups with small velocity dispersions sigma < 150 km/s.
Comments: 16 pages, including 6 figures. To appear in The Astrophysical Journal
Subjects: Astrophysics (astro-ph)
DOI: 10.1086/308740
Cite as: arXiv:astro-ph/9912121
  (or arXiv:astro-ph/9912121v1 for this version)

Submission history

From: Andisheh Mahdavi [view email]
[v1] Tue, 7 Dec 1999 03:19:28 GMT (340kb)